Sikkim

About Sikkim

Sikkim is a small state in India, which is located in the north eastern part of country region of India also with a big heart. Sikkim also shares borders with its several neighboring country. it borders Tibet in the North and Northeast, Bhutan in the East, Nepal in the West, and west Bangle in the south. Total area of Sikkim 7,096 square km  and 2,740 square mail  total Population of Sikkim till in 2018 (6.19. Lakhs).Religions in Sikkim Hinduism and Buddhism are the oldest and famous religion in Sikkim and others major religion of Sikkim like Christianity, Islamic, Jainism etc. Agriculture in Sikkim – 50% of people they are engaged in agricultural activities. The economy of Sikkim is linked with agriculture and serves as the source of livelihood and economic security of sizeable native population. The people in Sikkim they grow profit generating crops, which includes Corn, maize, rice, wheat, barley, potato, Beans, Ginger, Tomato, Orange, peach, and Pears etc. And it is very famous for producing cardamom, Tea (Temi Tea ) In large scale in Sikkim, it was also declared as  the First organic state in India.

History: The kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. Sikkim was under the Namgyal -chogyal dynasty from 1642 to 1975, Pelden Thendup -Namgyal was later put to an end, and Sikkim merged with India as its 22nd state in 1975. Sikkim has been given many names. The Lepahas Orginal Inhabitants of the land called it Ney-Mae-el `paradise`. The Limboos Named it Suk-Khim which means `New home` while to the Bhutias it was Named as Beyul-Demazong` The hidden Valley of rice` . later British they found difficulties in pronouncing it, and they changed it to sikkim.

KINGS OF SIKKIM:

SL.NO NAME OF CHOGYAL OF SIIKIM (KING) REIGN
1. Phuntsok Namgyal 1642-1670
2. Tensung Namgyal 1670-1700
3. Chakdor Namgyal 1700-1717
4. Gyurmed Namgyal 1717-1733
5. Phuntsog Namgyal II 1733-1780
6. Tenzing Namgyal Chogyal  1780-1793
7. Tsugphud Namgyal 1793-1863
8. Sidkeong Namgyal 1863-1874
9. Thutob Namgyal 1874-1914
10. Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal 1914
11. Tashi Namgyal 1914-1963
12. Palden Thondup Namgyal 1963-1975
13. Wangchuk Tenzing Namgyal 1953
TOP TOURIST DESTINATION OF SIKKIM
SL. NO EAST SIKKIM SL. NO WEST SIKKIM
01 MG Mark: 01 Rabdentse Ruins
02 Dewrali Monastery (Do-Drul chorten): 02 Pemayangtse Monastery
03 Namgyal Institute: 03 Sangacholing Monastery
04 Ropeway(cable car): 04 Changay water Fall
05 Flower exhibition Centre: 05 Singshoer Bridge
06 Handicraft: 06 Uttarey Valley.
07 Enchey Monastery: 07 Sky Walk
08 Tsomgo Lake: 08 Khecheopalri Lake
09 Nathula Pass: 09 Kanchenjunga water Fall
10 Baba maindir: 10 Yuksom Dubdi Monastery
11 Baba Harbhaian Singh Temple: 11 Coronation Throne, Narbugang.
12 Hanuman Tok: 12 Kartok Lake
13 Banjhakri water falls: 13 Kanchenjunga National Park, (Goechala Trek)
14 Rumtek Monastery: 14 Hongri Monastery
SL. NO NORTH SIKKIM 15 sunun Monastery
01 Lachen Guru, Dongmar Lake: 16 Tashiding Monastery
02 Lachung Monastery: SL. NO SOUTH SIKKIM
03 Yungthang Valley, Zero point 01 Temi Tea Garden:
04 Taramchu Trek 02 Buddha Park:
    03 Ralong Monastery:
    04 Bon Monastery:
    05 Samdruptse Stupa:
    06 Char Dham:
    07 Sai Baba Temple:
SL. NO
SPECIES OF FLORA AND FAUNA IN SIKKIM  
01 Mammals 150 Species 07 Ferns & Fern Allies 362
02 Birds 552 Species 08 Tree Fern 8
03 Butterflies 590 Species 09 Medicinal 424
04 Orchids 556 Species (1750.m to 2250. M) 10 Oaks 11
05 Rhododendrons 40 Species (1780 to 3,000.m) 11 Conifers 16
06 Flowering Plant 4500 Species 12 Bamboos 23 and Fish 48

 

SL. NO GLACIERS AND LAKE
01 Present number of Glaciers 48 . Famous Glaciers: Zamu Glacier and Rathong Glacier
02 Present number of Lake 07. Famous Lake : Somgo Lake, Menmecho Lake, Karthok Lake, Khecheopalri Lake, Samiti Lake, Green Lake, Gurudongmar Lake
SL. NO HIGHT AND FAMOUS MOUNTAIN IN SIKKIM  AND RIVER
01 Mt. Kanchenjungab 8585.meters Hight mountain in Sikkim 3rd Hight mountain in world.
02 Tista River and Ringeet River